Preserving languages, enriching cultures: scenes from the 2013 Smithsonian Folklife Festival

There are more than 7,000 languages spoken in the world today. How many will there be one hundred years from now?

Languages at risk in North AmericaAccording to the Smithsonian Institution, half of the world’s languages may disappear during this century. How does a language ‘go extinct’? First, a language is considered vulnerable when it is spoken within families, but those families use another language to interact with their larger community. There is a definite threat if children no longer learn the language as a mother tongue. The threat is severe when the language is only spoken by older generations. At the critical stage, even the community elders speak the language infrequently. Finally, when there have been no speakers for the past fifty years, the language is considered extinct.

In the graphic at right, yellow dots represent vulnerable languages. Orange represents definite threat, red means severe threat, and maroon means critical threat. Grey dots represent languages that have gone extinct. The blue shading indicates areas of high linguistic diversity.

Languages are used to transmit culture, including information about cooking, crafts, dance, family, history, religion, cosmology, medicine, morality, and more. This information is threatened when a language’s survival is threatened.  The Smithsonian Institution highlighted endangered languages this year at the 2013 Folklife Festival. (The festival also featured guest country Hungary and an exhibition on African-American diversity, style, and identity.) Participants in the One World, Many Voices exhibition demonstrated elements of their language, culture, identity, and experience, to “show how cultural and linguistic diversity enrich the world.”

Here are some scenes from the festival and the participants who demonstrated poetry, songs, stories, crafts, and art.

About these ads

About fjkingsbury
F.J. Kingsbury teaches ESOL and Spanish, blogs about languages and language learning, and wishes it were possible to be in the U.S. and Mexico simultaneously.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 570 other followers

%d bloggers like this: